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Sapun Mountain Memorial – an open air military museum

The Sapun Mountain memorial complex is located on a ridge stretching for almost eight kilometers between Balaklava and Inkerman. In 1944 during the Second World War Soviet troops were storming the height for nine hours, liberating the city from the Nazi invaders. In peacetime after the clearance of Sapun Mountain a pine park was set up here and an open air museum was created. Dots, trenches, dugouts and funnels were preserved on the slopes, and samples of Soviet and captured German military equipment were collected and exhibited: guns, mortars, tanks, the legendary Katyusha, and even a torpedo boat. 

The memorial complex Sapun Mountain also includes a pavilion, where a 25-meter-long painting can be seen. It depicts the moment of storming the Sapun Mountain on May 7, 1944. This canvas forms the basis of the largest diorama, created by Soviet artists - "Storm of Sapun Mountain May 7, 1944". The full-length figures of Red Army men are in the foreground of the diorama. Their faces resemble the portraits of real people exhibited in the same museum. The memorial complex was opened in 1959. And the Eternal Flame and a granite obelisk with memorial plates were installed behind the diorama in 1970.  The reconstruction of the assault is arranged on the mountain during the May Holidays. A beautiful view of the Balaklava valley opens from the mountain. 

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