In 1204 Ludwig I, the duke of Bavaria from the dynasty of Wittelsbach founded the castle of Landshut on a high hill over the river of Isar. A town of the same name quickly grew at the foot of the castle. However the castle soon changed its name and was called Trausnitz. It was in Trausnitz that the famous Landshut wedding was celebrated – the fest that was thrown in 1475 by Georg the Rich in honour of the marriage of his son Ludwig.
In the middle of the 16th century the castle underwent through a considerable reconstruction. Duke Wilhelm V the Pious visited Italy, bringing back ideas of Renaissance. It was under the impression from the Italian palazzos that the reconstruction of the castle was performed. Today you can see a spiral jester staircase inside the palace. Wilhelm, who loved everything Italian, placed figures of famous characters of the Italian comedy del arte along the staircase: Harlequin, Pantalone, and others. Bavarian dukes were also ardent collectors of paintings. Today a part of their collection is also presented inside the Trausnitz castle.
Unfortunately, not all the treasures of the castle reached us. The castle itself did not manage to preserve its initial image either. During the Thirty Years’ war (in the middle of the 17th century) it was ravaged by Swedes. Afterwards there were barracks in the castle, and later a wool-spinning mill. Finally, in 1961 a huge fire occurred in the castle due to a broken heater. Interiors were seriously damaged. Later they were partially rehabilitated. The castle is open for tourists. Only those parts occupied by state offices are out of reach. For example, the archive of the land of Bavaria is located in Trausnitz. There is a restaurant working on the territory of the castle, while a wonderful view on Landshut opens from the fortress walls. In May a large open air garden fair takes place on the territory of the castle.