The most visited museum in Germany was initially established to keep the altar discovered in the 1880s in Pergamon (modern Turkey) by German archeologist Karl Humann. The stone altar created by the ancient masters living in the 2nd century B.C. was dedicated to Zeus and Athena.
In order to keep the altar, a building in neoclassical style was erected in 1910-1930. Later, other findings from archeological expeditions were also placed there. Gates of Ishtar dating 575 B.C. used to be located in the northern part of Babylon. This is where Procession Road started, its walls decorated with glazed mosaic on both sides. Fragments of this decoration can now also be seen in the Pergamon Museum.
Market gates of the 2nd century from Miletus are a masterpiece of the Roman architecture. Special attention goes to the facade of the 8th century Mshatta palace, discovered in Jordan. Presently there are three sections in the museum: antique collection, Islamic art and Western Asia. After the reconstruction that will last till 2019, it is planned to open a fourth sector. It will hold exhibits from storerooms.