Nürburg Castle is thehighest situated castle in Rhineland-Palatinate. It is believed that the firstcastle in the Eifel Mountains was built in 1166. It was called Black Hill (MoneNore) at that time because of the color of volcanic basalt composing the hill.Now the world-famous Nürburgring race track is around the ruins of the fortressand the village of Nürburg is at the foot of the hill.
Nürburg Castle’s period of prosperity came in theMiddle Ages. Starting in the XVI century, the Dutch, Swedes and French conqueredit numerously. By the middle of the XVIII century the fortress had turned intoruins and the local residents began using stones from the fortress walls asbuilding material for their houses. The castle’s restoration began only in thelate XIX century, when the main tower was restored. A stone staircase with a beautifulviewing platform was built in the tower, for visitors to climb. It is said thatin good weather you can even see from the platform the spiers of the CologneCathedral 70 km away from Nürburg.