The Renaissance Neuburg Castle has been the residence of the Duchy of Palatinate-Neuburg rulers for 250 years. It was constructed in the 1520s on the site of a medieval fortification. Later, a wing in the Italian style and the Protestant chapel, one of the oldest in Germany, was added to the castle. In the middle of the XVII century, the castle was reconstructed in the Baroque style and the two towers were completed. At the same time the priceless paintings of the west wing, depicting the biblical story of Joseph and his brothers, survived.
Today, several museums are located in the castle. There is an archaeological museum, as well as a Flemish art gallery with works by Rubens, Bruegel and Van Dyck. The garden surrounded by a stone wall and named after the French painter Jacques Callot adjoins the castle. This is a romantic garden with moss-grown stone figurines of gnomes, a fountain- bowl and flower beds. You can get from the castle to the Austrian city of Wernstein and the same-name castle by the bridge of the Virgin Mary. The medieval castle festival (Schlossfest) with the riding tournament, children's performances and fairs is held here every two years at the end of June.