Kaiserswerth is a historic district within Duesseldorf, famous for the ruins of an old imperial palace. The first records of this place date back to 8th c. AD when St Swithberth founded a parish church on an island in the Rhein River. The name “Kaiserswerth” originated in 11th c. when the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich II granted his vassal, Ezzo von Lorraine this palace on the island (“werth” means “island” in German). A mighty castle appeared here later. Kaiserswerth played a big role in the High Middle Ages, but by 17th c., during the Thirty Years War, its significance had already diminished.
Little by little the palace declined, so nowadays tourists can see but ruins. Still, the place where the palace is located is very interesting. The church named after Kaiserswerth’s founder, St Swithberth, is still in operation. Another attraction is the Deaconess Institute where in 19th c. studied Florence Nightingale, a legendary British sister of mercy, considered one of the founders of the global modern nursing.