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Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial

There is a memorial dedicated to the memory of former prisoners of "death camps" on the territory of the former Dachau concentration camp. Dachau was the first concentration camp built by the Nazis when they came to power. Hitler became chancellor in January 1933, and only two months later the first prisoners were placed in Dachau. Initially, the camp was used for the detention of people "polluting the Aryan race." Addicts, prostitutes, homosexuals, the mentally handicapped people were brought here. But the farther the flywheel of the Nazi repression went, the more political prisoners, Jews, and then those captured during the Second World War appeared in Dachau.

The living conditions rapidly deteriorated. Beginning in 1942 experiments on people started in Dachau. Gas chambers were put in use. The exact number of prisoner deaths claimed at Dachau under the Nazi regime, is not determined until now. What is clear is that they have been tens of thousands. Famous prisoners of Dachau included the former Austrian chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, the sons of heir to the Austrian throne, Franz Ferdinand (with whose assassination the First World War started), Serbian Patriarch Gabriel. Pastor Martin Niemöller - the author of the famous phrase "When they came for the communists, I didn’t speak out ..."-was among the prisoners of the concentration camp. Niemöller, by the way, survived in the hell ...

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Alte Römerstraße 75
85221, Dachau
Opening Hours
Now - closed
Mon-Sat 03:00-11:00
Sun 08:00-16:00
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