The main cathedral of Augsburg is dedicated to Virgin Mary, that’s why local residents call it Mariendom (Mary’s Dome). Under the foundation of the church, archeologists have found remnants of constructions dating back to the 4th century A.D. The current neo-gothic building appeared in the 14th century. However many fragments of earlier versions of the cathedral have been preserved, in particular, colourful stained-glass windows dating back to the 11th century. These are the oldest stained-glass windows in the world! Even though the art of stained-glass windows appeared in the 10th century, the earliest samples have not reached us. But the ones in Augsburg have been preserved in their primeval state.
Another attraction of the cathedral are four paintings by Hans Holbein Sr. The brightest artist of the German Renaissance actively participated in decoration of the main church of his hometown. Today this church is open for tourists, even though sermons are conducted here. Located near the cathedral is the so-called “Roman wall” – an open air museum that exhibits artefacts from excavations, related to the Ancient Roman history of the town.