Augusteum was opened in 1876 as the first art museum in Oldenburg. The building in the neo-Renaissance style houses the Old Master Picture Gallery, a part of the local State Museum for Art and Cultural History. It was initiated by the Duke of Oldenburg Peter Friedrich Ludwig, who collected paintings. The collection comprises the works by German, French, Dutch and Italian painters of the XV-XVIII centuries. Here you can see paintings by Ernst Willer, Christian Griepenkerl, Johann Heinrich Tischbein, Ludolf Backhuysen, Francesco Salviati.