The main attraction of the surrounding area of Detmold is a giant statue of Arminius, also known as Hermann. This leader of the German tribe Cherusci is famous for his troops’ victory over three Roman legions at the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD. Historians estimate that 18-27 thousand Romans were killed in this battle! The defeat was so painful for the Roman Empire that Emperor Augustus grew a beard as a sign of mourning. Many scientists include this victory in the list of the most significant battles in world history.
The worship for Arminius-Hermann as a national hero specially intensified in the XIX century on the background of the first attempts to unify various states in the united Germany. The construction of the monument on the supposed battle site in the Teutoburg Forest south of Detmold began in 1838. The opening ceremony took place in 1875. Hermannsdenkmal is visited by more than a million tourists annually. The monument is also notable for the magnificent view of Detmold opening from its pedestal. It is also a monument to the tenacity of the sculptor Josef Ernst Bandel, who dedicated more than forty years to the creation of the monument. His bust was erected near the Bandel hut (Bandelhütte) - a wooden house, where the master lived during the construction.